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SIRMIUM - PALATIUM IMPERIALE Sremska Mitrovica

To many people Sirmium is the first association to Srem and one of the most interesting touristic sights in Srem. Not without reason, etymologically, Sirmium - Sirmien - Srem, since the XIII century, has become synonymous to the entire area between the Sava and the Danube while the Institute for Protection of Cultural Monuments Sremska Mitrovica, is a synonym of a new era in the preservation and protection of cultural heritage on the territory of Srem and northern Mačva. 

For many years, the Institute for Protection of Cultural Monuments Sremska Mitrovica is also an institution for the support of the development of receptive tourism in Srem, and since two years ago one of the most important co-founders of the Tourism Cluster Srem Fund. The Imperial Palace - Sirmium, Gomolava, Monasteries of FruskaGora, ..., are only part of the well known cultural property of great importance and for the protection of them the Institute for Protection of Cultural Monuments in Sremska Mitrovica is accredited. Within the jurisdiction of the Institute, at the area of Srem, 215 fixed cultural objectsare located. Out of that number, 154 were categorized as cultural goods of exceptional or great importance.

 The first archaeological excavations in Sirmium began in 1957, at the Imperial Palace (Archaeological Site 1a).  The site was discovered accidentally during preparations for the construction of an apartment building on that location.  Work was initially stopped temporarily, then permanently when massive walls, a remains of the heating system and floor mosaics were uncovered.  The later discovery of the Roman circus (a hippodrome in the Greek-speaking part of the Empire) adjacent to the palace provided conclusive evidence to identify the structure as an imperial palace.  The palace-circus architectural complex is one of the most important archaeological discoveries in Sremska Mitrovica.  It was built at the end of the third or beginning of the fourth century in the southeast, elite section of the city, along the Sava river.  A new city defensive wall protected this part of thecity.

Imperial palaces in the Roman empire had formal spaces for the emperor’s administrative functions (the official part) and also private quarters where the emperor and his family lived (the residential part).  The circuses built right next to the palaces represent the official structure for the ceremonial presentation of the ruler to his people.  Chariot (bigae, quadrigae) races, the most popular sport in the ancient world, were held in the circuses.  Roman circuses are known from all over the Empire, but the Sirmium circus is the only one discovered so far in Serbia.

On the archaeological site today only part of the imperial palace complex can be seen.  The walls and pavements preserved there represent for the most part the residential quarters of the palace.  Evidence of the luxurious interior decoration there is provided by the fragments of frescoes, mosaic pavements and architectural ornament in various kinds of stone which were imported from different parts of the empire:  Egypt, Asia Minor, Greece, Italy.  Installations for the heating system were uncovered beneath almost every floor in the palace.  The long duration and frequent use of the palace are documented by the numerous structural repairs, mosaic pavements in several levels and the large quantity of archaeological artifacts recovered.

Tour of the Imperial Palace is available every day until 16 pm..

For the organization stay in Srem  at your service is the Srem Tourism Cluster Fund!

Welcome to Srem!

                                                                                                                   Srem Tourism Cluster Fund

                                                                                                                    Duška Davidović